Are you Linked into LinkedIn?

VON Dr. Wolf SiegertZUM Montag Letzte Bearbeitung: 27. Juni 2013 um 22 Uhr 16 Minuten


On May 13, 2013, LinkedIn published revised versions of our Privacy Policy and our User Agreement. Your continued use of LinkedIn means you agree to these revised documents, so please take a few minutes to read and understand them.

Jetzt mal im Ernst: Wenn Sie sich in einem Netzwerk wie diesem über Jahre organisiert haben und Sie erhalten nunmehr eine Meldung wie diese, würden Sie dann wirklich diese Beziehungs-Investiton abschreiben und aussteigen, nur weil Sie mit den neuen Bedingungen nicht mehr einverstanden sind?

Es ist gut einen Monat her, dass diese neuen Bedingungen publiziert worden sind, und es ist noch von keinem einzigen Nutzer aus dem Kreis der Bekannten ein Veto ausgesprochen worden.

Aus Anlass der in der Nacht zum Montag im ZDF ausgestrahlten Sendung eines Dialoges zwischen

Es gelten die Regeln des Urheberrechts all rights reserved

dem Philosophen PRECHT und

Es gelten die Regeln des Urheberrechts all rights reserved

der Politikerin WEISBAND

machen wir hiermit nochmal auf dieses Thema aufmerksam. [1]

Hier die Aussagen zum Thema Privacy Policy:

Your Privacy Matters

At LinkedIn, our fundamental philosophy is “members first.” That value powers all of the decisions we make, including how we gather and respect your personal information.

We’ve crafted the policy below to be as clear and straightforward as possible. Our aim is for you—our members—to always feel informed and empowered with respect to your privacy on LinkedIn.

Last revised on May 13, 2013

Es gelten die Regeln des Urheberrechts all rights reserved [2] [3]


Our mission is to connect the world’s professionals to enable them to be more productive and successful.

We protect your personal information using industry-standard safeguards. We may share your information with your consent or as required by law as detailed in this policy, and we will always let you know when we make significant changes to this Privacy Policy.

Our Privacy Policy has been updated to help you better understand how we operate. Please review this Privacy Policy. Please click here to read our summary of the changes.

LinkedIn’s mission is to connect the world’s professionals to enable them to be more productive and successful. Our registered users (“Members”) share their professional identities, engage with their network, exchange knowledge and professional insights, and find business opportunities. We believe that our service allows our Members to effectively compete and achieve their full career potential. The cornerstone of our business is to focus on our Members first.

Maintaining your trust is our top priority, so we adhere to the following principles to protect your privacy:

— We protect your personal information and will only provide it to third parties: (1) with your consent; (2) where it is necessary to carry out your instructions; (3) as reasonably necessary in order to provide LinkedIn features and functionality to you; (4) as we reasonably believe is permitted by law or regulation; or (5) as necessary to enforce our User Agreement or protect the rights, property, or safety of LinkedIn, its Members, and the public.

— We have implemented appropriate security safeguards designed to protect your information in accordance with industry standards.

We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time, and if we make material changes to it, we will provide notice through our website, apps, or other services (“LinkedIn” or “Service”) or by other means so that you may review the changes before you continue to use LinkedIn. If you object to any changes, you may close your account. Continuing to use LinkedIn after we publish or communicate a notice about any changes to this Privacy Policy means that you are consenting to the changes.

1. What information we collect

Our Privacy Policy applies to anyone with a LinkedIn account. If you live in the U.S., LinkedIn Corporation controls your information. If you live outside the U.S., LinkedIn Ireland Limited controls your information.

A. Data Controllers

If you reside in the United States, then the personal information provided to or gathered by LinkedIn is controlled by LinkedIn Corporation, 2029 Stierlin Court, Mountain View, California 94043. If you reside outside the United States, then the personal information provided to or gathered by LinkedIn is controlled by LinkedIn Ireland Limited, Gardner House, Wilton Place, Wilton Plaza, Dublin 2, Ireland. If you have any concern about providing information to us or having such information displayed on the LinkedIn services or otherwise used in any manner permitted in this Privacy Policy and the User Agreement, you should not become a Member of LinkedIn or visit our website. If you have already registered, you should close your account. We collect your personal information in the following ways:

When you create an account with us, you provide us with information (including your name, email address, and password) that we use to offer you a personalized, relevant experience on LinkedIn.

B. Registration

To create an account on LinkedIn, you must provide us with at least your name, email address, and a password. You can choose to provide further information about yourself during the registration process (for example, your gender and location). We use this additional information to provide you with more customized services like language-specific profile pages and updates, more relevant ads, and more valuable career opportunities, and it may appear on your LInkedIn profile that is viewable by others. You understand that, by creating an account, LinkedIn and others will be able to identify you by your LinkedIn profile, and you allow LinkedIn to use this information in accordance with this Privacy Policy and our User Agreement. We may also ask for your credit card details if you purchase certain LinkedIn services.

You can add professional details – like your job title, education, and skills – to your profile. A complete profile helps you be found by other people for opportunities. It also means we can show you relevant ads.

C. Profile Information

After you create an account, you may choose to provide additional information on your LinkedIn profile, such as descriptions of your skills, professional experience, and educational background. You can list honors, awards, professional affiliations, LinkedIn Group memberships, networking objectives, companies or individuals that you follow, and other information. With your approval, your connections may provide recommendations and endorsements of you. Providing additional information enables you to derive more benefit from LinkedIn by helping you express your professional identity; find other professionals, opportunities, and information; and help recruiters find you. It also enables us to serve you ads and other relevant content on and off LinkedIn.

We collect information when you sync non-LinkedIn content – like your email address book, mobile device contacts, or calendar – with your account. We use this information to improve your experience. You can remove your address book and any other synced information whenever you’d like.

D. Address Book, LinkedIn Contacts, and Other Services That Sync with LinkedIn

You may use the LinkedIn contacts importer to upload individual contacts or your entire address book into LinkedIn. LinkedIn stores this information and uses it to help you manage it with “LinkedIn Contacts,” which can be your primary resource for storing, organizing, and utilizing your contact information. LinkedIn also uses this information to help you grow your LinkedIn network by: identifying your contacts already on LinkedIn; providing a template to send invitations to your contacts that have not registered with LinkedIn; and suggesting people you may know who are already Members of LinkedIn but who may not be in your LinkedIn Contacts. Please note that when you send an invitation to connect to another individual (a “connection”), that person will have access to your email address because it is displayed in the invitation. LinkedIn will also remind you of pending invitations. Your LinkedIn connections will also have access to your email address.

LinkedIn makes other tools available to sync information with LinkedIn, and may also develop additional features that allow members to use their LinkedIn account in conjunction with other third-party services. For example, LinkedIn’s iPad and iPhone applications allow you to sync your device’s calendar with LinkedIn to show you the LinkedIn profiles of meeting attendees.

Another example is Rapportive, which allows you to see LinkedIn and other public social media information about the people you email. If you grant these products (mobile applications, Rapportive, or other LinkedIn applications that sync external email services) permission to access your email accounts, they will access your email header information in order to match it to LinkedIn and other public social media profiles. LinkedIn’s products that sync with external email services will also temporarily cache message content for performance reasons; however, the cached message content will be temporarily cached in a way that is unreadable by LinkedIn and its service providers.

Any information that you upload or sync with LinkedIn is covered by the User Agreement and this Privacy Policy. You can remove your information at your convenience using the features LinkedIn makes available or in accordance with Section 3. We collect information when you sync non-LinkedIn content—like your email address book, mobile device contacts, or calendar—with your account. We use this information to improve your experience. You can remove your address book and any other synced information at any time.

When you contact our Help Center, we collect information to respond to your questions and better serve you.

E. Customer Service

When you contact LinkedIn’s Help Center, we collect information that helps us categorize your question, respond to it, and, if applicable, investigate any breach of our User Agreement or this Privacy Policy. We also use this information to track potential problems and trends and customize our support responses to better serve you.

We collect information when you visit LinkedIn, use our mobile applications, and interact with advertising on LinkedIn.

F. Using the LinkedIn Site and Applications

We collect information when you use the LinkedIn website, LinkedIn applications (for example, LinkedIn for iPhone or Android), and LinkedIn platform technology (such as “Share on LinkedIn” plugins for publishers). For example, we collect information when you view or click on ads, import your address book, join and participate in groups, participate in polls, install a LinkedIn mobile application, and share articles on LinkedIn.

We collect information when you use your LinkedIn account to sign in to other sites or services, and when you view web pages that include LinkedIn plugins.

You can opt out of our collection of plugin impressions anytime.

G. Using Third-Party Services and Visiting Third-Party Sites

We receive information when you use your LinkedIn account to log in to a third-party website or application. Also, when you visit a third-party site that embeds LinkedIn professional plugins (such as “Share on LinkedIn” for publishers) we receive information that those pages have loaded in your web browser. If you are logged in as a LinkedIn Member when you visit sites with LinkedIn plugins, we use this information to recommend tailored content to you. LinkedIn will use this information to personalize the LinkedIn-provided functionality on third-party sites, including providing you insights from your LinkedIn network and allowing you to share information with your network (1st and 2nd degree connection on LinkedIn). Users wishing to disable this personalization may opt out here. LinkedIn’s retention of this data is addressed in Section 3.B. We do not use this information for advertising. LinkedIn may provide reports containing aggregated impression information to companies hosting LinkedIn plugins and similar technologies to help them measure LinkedIn-generated traffic to their websites. You can opt out of LinkedIn using your impression data by clicking here.

We use cookies to help personalize your LinkedIn experience and show you relevant ads.

H. Cookies

We use cookies and similar technologies, including mobile device identifiers, to help us recognize you, improve your LinkedIn experience, increase security, measure use of our Services, and serve advertising. You can control cookies through your browser settings and other tools. For more information, including the types of cookies found on LinkedIn, please read LinkedIn’s Cookie Policy. By visiting LinkedIn, you consent to the placement of cookies and beacons in your browser in accordance with this Privacy Policy and LinkedIn’s Cookie Policy.

We target ads to you on and off LinkedIn, based on information you included in your profile and your use of LinkedIn. We give you a number of ways to opt out of these ads, including through the Ad Choices icon shown with any LinkedIn ads on third-party sites. If you do not want to receive LinkedIn ads on third-party sites, you can opt out.

I. Advertising Technologies and Web Beacons

We target ads to Members both on and off LinkedIn through a variety of ad networks and ad exchanges, using:

— Advertising technologies like web beacons, pixels, ad tags, cookies, and mobile identifiers as permitted by mobile platforms;
— Member-provided profile information and categories (for example, “product managers in Texas”);
— Information inferred from a Member’s profile (for example, using job titles to infer age, industry, seniority, and compensation bracket; or names to infer gender).
— Your use of LinkedIn (for example, your LinkedIn search history) or clicking on a LinkedIn ad.
— Information from advertising partners which we use to help deliver ads more relevant to you.

We do not share personally identifiable information with any third-party advertiser or ad network, although your profile is visible to other LinkedIn Members and through public search depending on your settings.

LinkedIn may show you sponsored content in your Network Update Stream (NUS), which will be designated as sponsored content and will behave like other NUS updates. If you take social action (for example, if you “like or “comment” on the sponsored content), your action will be seen by your network and other LinkedIn Members who are shown the sponsored content after you have acted on it.

LinkedIn ads that are delivered on third-party sites contain the label “Ads by LinkedIn.” You may opt out of these ads served to you on third-party sites here. The Ad Choices icon shows you that we adhere to the Digital Advertising Alliance’s self-regulatory principles for online behavioral advertising. Please see for details.

We collect information from the devices and networks that you use to access LinkedIn. This information helps us improve and secure our Services.

J. Log Files, IP Addresses, and Information About Your Computer and Mobile Device

When you visit or leave LinkedIn by clicking a hyperlink or view a plugin on a third-party site, we automatically receive the URL of the site from which you came or the one to which you are directed. Also, advertisers receive the URL of the page that you are on when you click an ad on LinkedIn. We also receive the internet protocol (“IP”) address of your computer or the proxy server that you use to access the web, your computer operating system, your type of web browser, your mobile device (including your mobile device identifier provided by your mobile device operating system), your mobile operating system (if you are accessing LinkedIn using a mobile device), and the name of your ISP or your mobile carrier. We may also receive location data passed to us from third-party services or GPS-enabled devices that you have set up, which we use to show you local information (for example, weather information) on our iPad application.

We are constantly innovating to improve our Services, which means we may create new ways to collect information on the Service.

K. Other

LinkedIn is a dynamic, innovative environment, which means we are always seeking to improve the services we offer you. We often introduce new features, some of which may result in the collection of new information (for example, when the Endorsements feature launched, we began collecting information about skills for which Members were endorsed and the individuals who endorsed them). Furthermore, new partnerships or corporate acquisitions may result in new features, and we may potentially collect new types of information.

2. How we use your personal information

At LinkedIn, we take pride in our mantra of “Members first,” which means that above all else we strive to use your information to provide you world-class services in a professional and trustworthy manner.

When you join LinkedIn, you acknowledge that information you provide on your profile can be seen by others and used by us as described in this Privacy Policy and our User Agreement.

A. Consent to LinkedIn Processing Information About You

The personal information you provide to us may reveal or allow others to identify aspects of your life that are not expressly stated on your profile (for example, your picture or your name may reveal your gender). By providing personal information to us when you create or update your account and profile, you are expressly and voluntarily accepting the terms and conditions of LinkedIn’s User Agreement and freely accepting and agreeing to our processing of your personal information in ways set out by this Privacy Policy. Supplying information to us, including any information deemed “sensitive” by applicable law, is entirely voluntary on your part. You have the right to withdraw or modify your consent to LinkedIn’s collection and processing of the information you provide at any time, in accordance with the terms of this Privacy Policy and the User Agreement, by changing your Settings or by closing your account.

We communicate with you using LinkedIn messaging, email, and other ways available to us. We may send you messages relating to the availability of the Services, security, or other service-related issues. We also may send promotional InMail messages to your LinkedIn inbox. You can change your email settings at any time.

B. LinkedIn Communications

We communicate with you through email, notices posted on the LinkedIn website, messages to your LinkedIn inbox, and other means available through the Service, including mobile text messages and push notifications. Examples of these messages include: (1) welcome and engagement messages - when you register on LinkedIn, we may send you a series of emails to inform you about how to best use LinkedIn as well as new features; (2) service messages – these will cover service availability, security, and other issues about the functioning of LinkedIn; (3) promotional messages – these include both email and InMail messages (InMail messages are only delivered to your LinkedIn InBox), and may contain promotional information directly or on behalf of our partners, including job opportunities and information from companies that are hiring. These messages will be sent to you based on your profile information and messaging preferences. LinkedIn tracks the open rate of your InMails to provide your InMail acceptance score. You may change your email and contact preferences at any time by signing into your account and changing your email settings. You can also opt out of promotional messages by sending a request to LinkedIn Help Center. Please be aware that you cannot opt out of receiving service messages from LinkedIn.

With certain communications you send on LinkedIn, the recipient can see your name, email address, and some network information.

C. User Communications

Many communications that you initiate through LinkedIn (for example, an invitation sent to a non-Member) will list your name and primary email address in the header of the message. Messages you initiate may also provide the recipient with aggregate information about your network (for example, how many people are in your network). Other communications that you initiate through the Services, like a request for an introduction, will list your name as the initiator but will not include your personal email address contact information. Once you have connected with an individual, regardless of who sent the invitation, your contact information will be shared with that individual.

We use the information you provide on your profile to customize your experience on LinkedIn.

D. Customized Content

We use information that you provide to us to customize your experience and the experiences of others on LinkedIn. For example, when you sign in to your account, we may display the names of new Members who have recently joined your network or recent updates from your connections and companies you follow. We also use aggregated information from your network to show you content, such as news relevant to you, your industry, or your profession.

E. Sharing Information with Affiliates

We may share your personal information with our LinkedIn affiliates outside of the LinkedIn entity that is your data controller (for example, LinkedIn Corporation may share your information with LinkedIn Ireland Limited) as necessary to provide the Services. By agreeing to this Privacy Policy, you are consenting to this sharing.

Any information you put on your profile and any content you post on LinkedIn may be seen by others. We don’t provide any of your non-public information (like your email address) to third parties without your consent, unless required by law, or as described in Sections 2.F and 2.N of this Policy. Other people may find your LinkedIn profile information through search engines (you can choose which parts of your public profile are accessible to public search engines in your settings), or use services like Twitter in conjunction with your LinkedIn account.

F. Sharing Information with Third Parties

LinkedIn offers a “public profile” feature that allows Members to publish portions of their LinkedIn profile to the public Internet. This public profile will be indexed and displayed through public search engines when someone searches for your name. You may choose the parts of your profile that search engines index or completely opt out of this feature in your settings. However, third-party search engines may not automatically update their caches, which may contain old public profile information. Unless you delete it, your profile on LinkedIn is always viewable on the LinkedIn Services.

We do not rent or sell personal information that you have not posted on LinkedIn, except as described in this Privacy Policy. We will not disclose personal information that is not published to your profile or generated through engagement with other LinkedIn services, such as Groups and Company Pages, without your consent or to carry out your instructions (for example, to process payment information) unless LinkedIn has a good faith belief that disclosure is permitted by law or is reasonably necessary to: (1) comply with a legal requirement or process, including, but not limited to, civil and criminal subpoenas, court orders or other compulsory disclosures; (2) enforce this Privacy Policy or our User Agreement; (3) respond to claims of a violation of the rights of third parties; (4) respond to Member service inquiries; or (5) protect the rights, property, or safety of LinkedIn, our Members, or the public. See Section 2.N for additional details about LinkedIn’s compliance with legal requests for information. LinkedIn supports middleware providers that offer archiving solutions to firms subject to financial services regulation, which, with your permission, facilitate the archiving of your communications and other LinkedIn activity by a third party for compliance purposes.

Content distributed through LinkedIn’s sharing features and third-party integrations may result in displaying some of your personal information outside of LinkedIn. For example, when you post content to a LinkedIn Group that is open for public discussion, your content, including your name as the contributor, may be displayed in search engine results. Also, if you have bound your LinkedIn account to your Twitter account, you can easily share content from LinkedIn to Twitter.

We work with developers to build Platform Applications using LinkedIn’s developer tools. Whether you use Platform Applications is up to you. If you have given a Platform Application access to your LinkedIn account, you can revoke that permission anytime. Also, you can opt out of providing information to developers through your connections.

G. Developers Using LinkedIn Platform Services

We collaborate with and allow third parties to use LinkedIn’s developer platform to offer services and functionality in conjunction with LinkedIn. These third-party developers have either negotiated an agreement to use LinkedIn platform technology or have agreed to our self-service API and Plugin terms in order to build applications (“Platform Applications”). Both the negotiated agreements and our API and Plugin terms contain restrictions on how third parties may access, store, and use the personal information you provide to LinkedIn. If you choose to use a Platform Application, you will be asked to confirm acceptance of the privacy policy and user agreement of the third-party developer. To revoke permission granted to a Platform Application, please visit your settings. Note, however, that even if you revoke the permission granted to a Platform Application, your connections may still be using the Platform Application, so the Platform Application may still have access to certain information about you, just as your connections do. You may opt out of providing information to third-party developers through your connections by accessing the “Turn on/off data sharing with third-party applications” control in the “Groups, Companies, and Applications” tab under settings.

We conduct our own surveys and polls and also help third parties do this type of research. Your participation in surveys or polls is up to you. You may also opt out of getting invitations to participate in surveys.

H. Polls and Surveys

Polls and Surveys may be conducted by LinkedIn, Members, or third parties. Some third parties may target advertisements to you on the results page based on your answers in the poll. LinkedIn or third parties may follow up with you via InMail regarding your participation unless you have opted out of receiving InMail messages. We may use third parties to deliver incentives to you to participate in surveys or polls. If the delivery of incentives requires your contact information, you may be asked to provide personal information to the third party fulfilling the incentive offer, which will be used only for the purpose of delivering incentives and verifying your contact information. It is up to you whether you provide this information, or whether you desire to take advantage of an incentive. Your consent to use any personally identifiable information for the purposes set forth in the poll or survey will be explicitly requested by the party conducting it. LinkedIn is a member of the Council of American Survey Research Organizations (“CASRO”) and abides by CASRO guidelines for market research. You may opt out of participating in surveys by changing your settings to stop receiving these inquiries and requests.

LinkedIn helps you search for other professionals, companies, groups, professional content, and jobs.

I. Search

You can search for Members, employment opportunities, information about companies, and community content from LinkedIn Groups on LinkedIn. For example, you can find Members with particular expertise or experience, or Members that you may know from your industry or profession. You can also find employment opportunities and information about companies. You can also find content from LinkedIn Groups and LinkedIn Today. We use personal information from LinkedIn, including Member profiles, Groups content, and Company Pages, to inform and refine our search service.

You are responsible for any information you post on LinkedIn, and this content will be accessible to others.

J. Groups

If you participate in LinkedIn Groups, share content on your Network Update Stream, or import a blog or other content, you should be aware that any information you choose to disclose using these services can be read, collected, and used by other Members in these forums, developers, and other third parties. LinkedIn is not responsible for the information you choose to submit in these forums. Some content in LinkedIn Groups may be public and searchable on the Internet if the group owner has not closed the group for public discussions. You can identify closed groups by the padlock icon next to the group name. You can remove your LinkedIn Groups posts at any time. However, others may have copied and used the information that you shared.

K. Testimonials and Advertisements Placed through LinkedIn Ads

If you provide any testimonials about our goods or services or place advertisements through the LinkedIn Ads, we may post those testimonials and examples of advertisements you place in connection with our promotion of these services to third parties. Testimonials and advertisements may include your name and other personal information that you have provided. For more information about LinkedIn Ads, please see the LinkedIn Ads Terms of Use.

We offer a premium service to recruiters, which can be used to search for, organize, and communicate with potential candidates. Subscribers to this service may export limited information from members’ public profiles to effectively manage candidate sourcing. You can control how your information is exported by changing which parts of your public profile are accessible to search engines.

L. Recruiters

We offer customized people-search functionality along with organizational and communications tools as part of our “LinkedIn Recruiter” premium service. LinkedIn Recruiter allows subscribers – generally, enterprises and professional organizations - to export limited information from Members’ public profiles, such as name, headline, current company, current title, and location (for example, San Francisco Bay Area), in order to effectively manage candidate sourcing. You may limit or prevent LinkedIn Recruiter subscribers from exporting your profile information by configuring your public profile visibility settings to restrict access to these fields. We do not provide email or other contact information to Recruiter subscribers. However, if you post that information as part of your profile it will be available to others. A LinkedIn Recruiter subscriber may also manage and store information it has independently obtained about you outside of the Service, such as a resume, in its licensed LinkedIn Recruiter platform. Any personal information obtained independently of LinkedIn services are not under LinkedIn’s control but are subject to the policies of the LinkedIn Recruiter subscriber. We store such information on behalf of the LinkedIn Recruiter subscriber who can remove it at any time. We do not further process such information.

Companies and other entities can create pages on LinkedIn. If you follow one of these pages, you’ll be listed as one of the company’s followers, and non-identifiable information about you will be provided to the page’s administrators.

M. Pages for Companies, Schools, Influencers, and Other Entities

LinkedIn allows companies, schools, charities, and other organizations as well as thought leaders and influencers to create pages dedicated to their brand, business, and mission. These pages are public, and any communications or information shared through them will be accessible by the entity that created them. If you follow a page, you will be listed among the page’s followers, which can be viewed by others. LinkedIn uses aggregate information about followers and viewers to provide data about the page’s performance (for example, visits and updates).

We may disclose your personal information if compelled by law, subpoena, or other legal process, or if necessary to enforce our User Agreement.

N. Compliance with Legal Process and Other Disclosures

It is possible that we may need to disclose personal information, profile information, or information about your activities as a LinkedIn Member when required by law, subpoena, or other legal process, or if LinkedIn has a good faith belief that disclosure is reasonably necessary to (1) investigate, prevent, or take action regarding suspected or actual illegal activities or to assist government enforcement agencies; (2) enforce the User Agreement, investigate and defend ourselves against any third-party claims or allegations, or protect the security or integrity of our Service; or (3) exercise or protect the rights, property, or safety of LinkedIn, our Members, personnel, or others.

If there is a change in control or sale of all or part of LinkedIn, we may share your information with a third party, who will have the right to use that information in line with this Privacy Policy.

O. Disclosures to Others as the Result of a Change in Control or Sale of LinkedIn Corporation

We may also disclose your personal information to a third party as part of a sale of the assets of LinkedIn Corporation, a subsidiary, or division, or as the result of a change in control of the company or one of its affiliates, or in preparation for any of these events. Any third party to which LinkedIn transfers or sells LinkedIn’s assets will have the right to continue to use the personal and other information that you provide to us in the manner set out in this Privacy Policy.

3. Your Choices & Obligations

You can change your LinkedIn information at any time by editing your profile, deleting content that you have posted, or by closing your account. You can also ask us for additional information we may have about your account.

A. Rights to Access, Correct, or Delete Your Information, and Closing Your Account

You have a right to (1) access, modify, correct, or delete your personal information controlled by LinkedIn regarding your profile, (2) change or remove your content, and (3) close your account. You can also contact us for any account information which is not on your profile or readily accessible to you. If you close your account, your information will generally be removed from the Service within 24 hours. We generally delete closed account information and will de-identify any logs or other backup information within 30 days of account closure, except as noted below.

Please note: Information you have shared with others (for example, through InMail, network updates, content sharing, or LinkedIn Groups) or that others have copied may also remain visible after you have closed your account or deleted the information from your own profile. LinkedIn Groups content associated with closed accounts will show an unknown user as the source. In addition, you may not be able to access, correct, or eliminate any information about you that other Members copied or exported out of LinkedIn, because this information may not be in our control. Your public profile may be displayed in search engine results until the search engine refreshes its cache.

We keep your information for as long as your account is active or as needed. For example, we may keep certain information even after you close your account if it is necessary to comply with our legal obligations, meet regulatory requirements, resolve disputes, prevent fraud and abuse, or enforce this agreement.

B. Data Retention

We retain the personal information you provide while your account is active or as needed to provide you services. LinkedIn may retain your personal information even after you have closed your account if retention is reasonably necessary to comply with our legal obligations, meet regulatory requirements, resolve disputes between Members, prevent fraud and abuse, or enforce this Privacy Policy and our User Agreement. We may retain personal information, for a limited period of time, if requested by law enforcement. LinkedIn Customer Service may retain information for as long as is necessary to provide support-related reporting and trend analysis only, but we generally delete closed account data consistent with Section 3.A., except in the case of our plugin impression data, which we de-personalize after 12 months unless you opt out.

Please respect the terms of our User Agreement, our Policies, and your fellow LinkedIn Members.

C. Your Obligations

As a Member, you have certain obligations to other Members. Some of these obligations are imposed by applicable law and regulations and others have become commonplace in communities of like-minded Members such as LinkedIn:

— You must, at all times, abide by the terms and conditions of the current Privacy Policy, User Agreement, and other policies of LinkedIn. This includes respecting all intellectual property rights that may belong to third parties, such as trademarks or copyrights.
— You must not upload or otherwise disseminate any information that may infringe on the rights of others or which may be deemed to be injurious, violent, offensive, racist, or xenophobic, or which may otherwise violate the purpose and spirit of LinkedIn and its community of Members.
— You must keep your username and password confidential and not share it with others.

Any violation of these guidelines or those detailed in our User Agreement or elsewhere may lead to the restriction, suspension, or termination of your account at the sole discretion of LinkedIn.

4. Important Information

You have to meet LinkedIn’s minimum age requirements to create an account.

A. Minimum Age

As described in Section 2.C. of the User Agreement, persons must be of Minimum Age to use LinkedIn.

We partner with TRUSTe because we take your privacy seriously and are committed to putting you and all of our Members first. TRUSTe certifies our compliance with the TRUSTe program and EU-US Safe Harbor. If you can’t resolve a complaint through LinkedIn Customer Support, you may also contact TRUSTe.
TRUSTe European Safe Harbor certification

B. TRUSTe and Safe Harbor

LinkedIn has been awarded TRUSTe’s Privacy Seal signifying that this Privacy Policy and its practices have been reviewed by TRUSTe for compliance with TRUSTe’s program requirements.

If you have questions or concerns regarding this Policy, you should first contact LinkedIn. If contacting us does not resolve your complaint, you may raise your complaint with TRUSTe by Internet, by fax at 415-520-3420, or mail to TRUSTe Safe Harbor Compliance Dept. (click for mailing address). The complaint should include the name of company, the alleged privacy violation, your contact information, and whether you would like the particulars of your complaint shared with the company. The TRUSTe dispute resolution process shall be conducted in English. The TRUSTe program only covers information collected through, and does not cover information that may be collected through downloaded software or Plugins.

LinkedIn complies with the U.S.-E.U. and U.S.-Swiss Safe Harbor Frameworks as set forth by the U.S. Department of Commerce regarding the collection, use, and retention of personal data from European Union member countries and Switzerland. LinkedIn has certified that it adheres to the Safe Harbor Privacy Principles of notice, choice, onward transfer, security, data integrity, access, and enforcement. To learn more about the Safe Harbor program, and to view LinkedIn Œs certification, please visit

We will notify you when we change this Privacy Policy.

C. Changes to this Privacy Policy

We may change this Privacy Policy from time to time. If we make significant changes in the way we treat your personal information, or to the Privacy Policy, we will provide notice to you on the Service or by some other means, such as email. Please review the changes carefully. If you agree to the changes, simply continue to use our Service. If you object to any of the changes to our terms and you no longer wish to use LinkedIn, you may close your account. Unless stated otherwise, our current Privacy Policy applies to all information that LinkedIn has about you and your account. Using LinkedIn after a notice of changes has been communicated to you or published on our Service shall constitute consent to the changed terms or practices.

We don’t share any of your personal information with third parties for direct marketing.

D. California’s Shine the Light Law

California Civil Code Section 1798.83, known as the “Shine The Light” law, permits our customers who are California residents to request and obtain from us a list of what personal information (if any) we disclosed to third parties for direct marketing purposes in the preceding calendar year and the names and addresses of those third parties. Requests may be made only once a year and are free of charge. Under Section 1798.83, LinkedIn currently does not share any personal information with third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

We take privacy and security seriously and have enabled HTTPS access to our site (turn on HTTPS), in addition to existing SSL access over mobile devices. Also, please know that the Internet is not a secure environment, so be careful and select strong passwords.

E. Security

We have implemented security safeguards designed to protect the personal information that you provide in accordance with industry standards. Access to your data on LinkedIn is password-protected, and sensitive data (such as credit card information) is protected by SSL encryption when it is exchanged between your web browser and the LinkedIn Services. We also offer secure https access to the website. To protect any data you store on our servers, we also regularly monitor our system for possible vulnerabilities and attacks, and we use a tier-one secured-access data center. However, since the Internet is not a 100% secure environment, we cannot ensure or warrant the security of any information that you transmit to LinkedIn. There is no guarantee that information may not be accessed, disclosed, altered, or destroyed by breach of any of our physical, technical, or managerial safeguards. It is your responsibility to protect the security of your login information. Please note that emails, instant messaging, and similar means of communication with other LinkedIn Members are not encrypted, and we strongly advise you not to communicate any confidential information through these means. Please help keep your account safe by using a strong password.

How To Contact Us

If you have questions or comments about this Privacy Policy, please contact us online or by physical mail at:

For Members in the United States:
LinkedIn Corporation Attn: Privacy Policy Issues
2029 Stierlin Court
Mountain View, CA 94043

For Members outside the United States:
LinkedIn Ireland Limited
Attn: Privacy Policy Issues
Gardner House, Wilton Place,
Wilton Plaza, Dublin 2

Wer das alles bis hierher gelesen hat wird festgestellt haben, dass es nunmehr eine Reihe der hie im Text auch angegebenen Links zu aktivieren und seine persönlichen Einstellungen abweichend von den sogenannten Default-Werten zu ändern hat.

Weiter ist zu prüfen, ob die bisher bereits vorgenommenen Ändergungen beibehalten wurden oder nun nochmals erneut eingestellt werden müssen.

Und wenn das alles geschehen ist, ist noch nicht etwa Schluss, sondern wir kommen nun zum sogenannten User Agreement.

User Agreement

Welcome, and thanks for using LinkedIn! When you use our products and services, you’re agreeing to our terms, so please take a few minutes to read over the User Agreement below.

Note: You are entering into a legally binding agreement.

Last revised on May 13, 2013

1. Introduction

About us and this agreement

We are a social network for professionals.

Our User Agreement has been updated; click here for a summary of the changes. [4]

A. Purpose

The mission of LinkedIn is to connect the world’s professionals to enable them to be more productive and successful. To achieve our mission, we make services available through our website, mobile applications, and developer platform, to help you, your connections, and millions of other professionals meet, exchange ideas, learn, make deals, find opportunities or employees, work, and make decisions in a network of trusted relationships and groups.

When you use LinkedIn, you are entering into a legal agreement and you agree to all of these terms.

You also agree to our Privacy Policy, which covers how we collect, use, share, and store your personal information.

B. Scope and Intent

You agree that by registering on LinkedIn, or by using our website, including our mobile applications, developer platform, premium services, or other information provided as part of the LinkedIn services (collectively “LinkedIn” or the “Services”), you are entering into a legally binding agreement with LinkedIn Corporation, 2029 Stierlin Court, Mountain View, California 94043, USA if you reside in the United States, and with LinkedIn Ireland Limited, Gardner House, Wilton Plaza, Wilton Place, , Dublin 2, Ireland, if you reside outside the United States (“we,” “us,” “our,” and “LinkedIn”) based on the terms of this LinkedIn User Agreement and the LinkedIn Privacy Policy, which is hereby incorporated by reference (collectively referred to as the “Agreement”) and become a LinkedIn member (“Member”). If you are using LinkedIn on behalf of a company or other legal entity, you are nevertheless individually bound by this Agreement even if your company has a separate agreement with us. If you do not want to register an account and become a LinkedIn Member, do not enter into this Agreement, do NOT click “Join Now” and do not access, view, download or otherwise use any LinkedIn webpage, information or services. By clicking “Join Now” (or “Join LinkedIn” or similar), you acknowledge that you have read and understood the terms and conditions of this Agreement and that you agree to be bound by all of its provisions. By clicking “Join Now,” you also consent to use electronic signatures and acknowledge your click of the “Join Now” button as one. Please note that the LinkedIn User Agreement and Privacy Policy are also collectively referred to as LinkedIn’s “Terms of Service.”#

2. Your Obligations

Some promises you make to us in this Agreement:

You will follow the law and LinkedIn’s rules.

A. Applicable laws and this Agreement

You must comply with all applicable laws and this Agreement, as may be amended from time to time with or without advance notice, and the policies and processes explained in the following sections:

— DOs and DON’Ts;
— Complaints Regarding Content Posted on the LinkedIn Website; and
— LinkedIn’s Privacy Policy.

You grant us a license to the information you provide us.

B. License and warranty for your submissions to LinkedIn

You own the information you provide LinkedIn under this Agreement, and may request its deletion at any time, unless you have shared information or content with others and they have not deleted it, or it was copied or stored by other users. Additionally, you grant LinkedIn a nonexclusive, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual, unlimited, assignable, sublicenseable, fully paid up and royalty-free right to us to copy, prepare derivative works of, improve, distribute, publish, remove, retain, add, process, analyze, use and commercialize, in any way now known or in the future discovered, any information you provide, directly or indirectly to LinkedIn, including, but not limited to, any user generated content, ideas, concepts, techniques and/or data to the services, you submit to LinkedIn, without any further consent, notice and/or compensation to you or to any third parties. Any information you submit to us is at your own risk of loss. By providing information to us, you represent and warrant that you are entitled to submit the information and that the information is accurate, not confidential, and not in violation of any contractual restrictions or other third party rights. It is your responsibility to keep your LinkedIn profile information accurate and updated.

You are eligible to enter into this contract and you are at least our “Minimum Age.”

The information you provide is truthful.

C. Service Eligibility

To be eligible to use the Service, you must meet the following criteria and represent and warrant that you: (1) are the “Minimum Age” (defined below) or older; (2) are not currently restricted from the Services, or not otherwise prohibited from having a LinkedIn account, (3) are not a competitor of LinkedIn or are not using the Services for reasons that are in competition with LinkedIn; (4) will only maintain one LinkedIn account at any given time; (5) will use your real name and only provide accurate information to LinkedIn; (6) have full power and authority to enter into this Agreement and doing so will not violate any other agreement to which you are a party; (7) will not violate any rights of LinkedIn or third party, including intellectual property rights such as copyright or trademark rights; and (8) agree to provide at your cost all equipment, software, mobile access, and internet access necessary to use the Services.

“Minimum Age” means 18 years old.

You will keep your password a secret.

You will not share an account with anyone else.

You will not copy or transfer any part of the Service.

D. Your Membership

The profile you create on LinkedIn will become part of LinkedIn and except for the information that you license to us is owned by LinkedIn. However, between you and others, your account belongs to you. You agree to: (1) keep your password secure and confidential; (2) not permit others to use your account; (3) not use other’s accounts; (4) not sell, trade, or transfer your LinkedIn account to another party; and (5) not charge anyone for access to any portion of LinkedIn, or any information therein. Further, you are responsible for anything that happens through your account until you close down your account or prove that your account security was compromised due to no fault of your own. To close your account, please visit LinkedIn’s Help Center.

You will pay us for any losses that you cause.

E. Indemnification

You agree to indemnify us and hold us harmless for all damages, losses and costs (including, but not limited to, reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs) related to all third party claims, charges, and investigations, caused by (1) your failure to comply with this Agreement, including, without limitation, your submission of content that violates third party rights or applicable laws, (2) any content you submit to the Services, and (3) any activity in which you engage on or through LinkedIn.

You will honor your payment obligations and you are okay with us storing your payment information. Also, there may be fees and taxes that are added to our prices.

We don’t guarantee refunds.

F. Payment

If you purchase any services that we offer for a fee, either on a one-time or subscription basis (“Premium Services”), you agree to LinkedIn storing your payment information. You also agree to pay the applicable fees for the Premium Services (including, without limitation, periodic fees for premium accounts) as they become due plus all related taxes, and to reimburse us for all collection costs and interest for any overdue amounts. Failure to pay may result in the termination of your subscription. Depending on where you transact with us, the type of payment method used and where your payment method was issued, your transaction with us may be subject to foreign exchange fees or differences in prices, including because of exchange rates. LinkedIn does not support all payment methods, currencies or locations for payment. Your obligation to pay fees continues through the end of the subscription period during which you cancel your subscription. All applicable taxes are calculated based on the billing information you provide us at the time of purchase. You may cancel or suspend your Premium Services here. LinkedIn’s refund policy is explained here. We do not guarantee refunds for lack of usage or dissatisfaction. You also acknowledge that LinkedIn’s Premium Services are subject to this Agreement and any additional terms related to the provision of the Premium Service. Additionally, if you require a printed invoice for your transaction with us, you may access it through your LinkedIn account settings under “Purchase History.” request one by contacting our Customer Support.

If you think you have to breach this Agreement, you will let us know beforehand.

G. Notify us of acts contrary to the Agreement

If you believe that you are entitled or obligated to act contrary to this Agreement under any mandatory law, you agree to provide us with detailed and substantiated explanation of your reasons in writing at least 30 days before you act contrary to this Agreement, to allow us to assess whether we may, at our sole discretion, provide an alternative remedy for the situation, though we are under no obligation to do so.

You are okay with us providing you with important notices on the website, mobile apps, or email.

The contact information you provide must be accurate or you may not receive important notices.

H. Notifications and Service Messages

For purposes of service messages and notices about the Services, LinkedIn may place a banner notice across its pages to alert you to certain changes such as modifications to this Agreement. Alternatively, notice may consist of an email from LinkedIn to an email address associated with your account, even if we have other contact information. You also agree that LinkedIn may communicate with you through your LinkedIn account or through other means including email, mobile number, telephone, or delivery services including the postal service about your LinkedIn account or services associated with LinkedIn. Please review your Settings to control what kind of messages you receive from LinkedIn. You acknowledge and agree that we shall have no liability associated with or arising from your failure to do so maintain accurate contact or other information, including, but not limited to, your failure to receive critical information about the Service.

This Agreement applies to mobile applications as well. Also, you agree certain additional information can be shared with us.

I. LinkedIn Applications

LinkedIn may offer the Services through applications built using LinkedIn’s platform (“LinkedIn Applications”). Examples of LinkedIn Applications include its smart phone applications (LinkedIn for Android, LinkedIn for Blackberry or LinkedIn for iPhone), and LinkedIn’s “Share” buttons and other interactive plugins distributed on websites across the web. LinkedIn Applications are distinct from third party Platform Applications addressed in Section 4.B. If you use a LinkedIn Application or interact with a website that has deployed a plugin, you agree that information about you and your use of the Services, including, but not limited to, your device, your mobile carrier, your internet access provider, your physical location, or web pages containing LinkedIn plugins that load in your browser may be communicated to us. Further, by importing any of your LinkedIn data through the LinkedIn Application, you represent that you have authority to share the transferred data with your mobile carrier or other access provider. In the event you change or deactivate your mobile account, you must promptly update your LinkedIn account information to ensure that your messages are not sent to the person that acquires your old number and failure to do so is your responsibility. You acknowledge you are responsible for all charges and necessary permissions related to accessing LinkedIn through your mobile access provider. Therefore, you should check with your provider to find out if the Services are available and the terms for these services for your specific mobile devices. Finally, by using any downloadable application to enable your use of the Services, you are explicitly confirming your acceptance of the terms of the End User License Agreement associated with the application provided at download or installation, or as may be updated from time to time.

When you share information, others can see, copy and use that information.

J. User-to-User Communication and Sharing (LinkedIn Groups, Answers, Updates, Company Pages, etc.)

LinkedIn offers various forums such as LinkedIn Groups, Answers, and Network Updates, where you can post your observations and comments on designated topics. LinkedIn also enables sharing of information by allowing users to post updates, including links to news articles and other information such as job opportunities, product recommendations, and other content to their profile and other parts of the site, such as LinkedIn Groups and LinkedIn Company Pages. LinkedIn members can create LinkedIn Groups and Company Pages for free, however, LinkedIn, in its sole discretion, may close or transfer LinkedIn Groups or Company Pages, or remove content from them if the content violates this Agreement or others’ intellectual property rights. Please note that ideas you post and information you share may be seen and used by other Members, and LinkedIn cannot guarantee that other Members will not use the ideas and information that you share on LinkedIn. Therefore, if you have an idea or information that you would like to keep confidential or don’t want others to use, or that is subject to third party rights that may be infringed by your sharing it, do not post it to any LinkedIn Group, into your Network Updates, or elsewhere on LinkedIn. LINKEDIN IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR A ANOTHER’S MISUSE OR MISAPPROPRIATION OF ANY CONTENT OR INFORMATION YOU POST ON LINKEDIN.

You are okay with us collecting, using, storing, and disclosing information about you in keeping with our Privacy Policy.

K. Privacy

You should carefully read our full Privacy Policy before using LinkedIn as it is hereby incorporated into this Agreement by reference, and governs our treatment of any information, including personally identifiable information you submit to us. Please note that certain information, statements, data, and content (such as photographs) which you may submit to LinkedIn, or groups you choose to join might, or are likely to, reveal your gender, ethnic origin, nationality, age, and/or other personal information about you. You acknowledge that your submission of any information, statements, data, and content to us is voluntary on your part and that LinkedIn may process such information, within the terms of the Privacy Policy.

You won’t break export laws.

L. Export Control

Your use of LinkedIn services, including our software, is subject to export and re-export control laws and regulations, including the Export Administration Regulations (“EAR”) maintained by the United States Department of Commerce and sanctions programs maintained by the Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control. You shall not — directly or indirectly — sell, export, re-export, transfer, divert, or otherwise dispose of any software or service to any end-user without obtaining the required authorizations from the appropriate government authorities. You also warrant that you are not prohibited from receiving US origin products, including services or software.

If you provide feedback to us, make sure you don’t include confidential or infringing materials. You grant us rights to your feedback.
M. Contributions to LinkedIn

By submitting ideas, suggestions, documents, or proposals ("Contributions") to LinkedIn through its suggestion or feedback webpages, you acknowledge and agree that: (a) your Contributions do not contain confidential or proprietary information; (b) LinkedIn is not under any obligation of confidentiality, express or implied, with respect to the Contributions; (c) LinkedIn shall be entitled to use or disclose (or choose not to use or disclose) such Contributions for any purpose, in any way, in any media worldwide; (d) LinkedIn may have something similar to the Contributions already under consideration or in development; (e) you irrevocably non-exclusively license to LinkedIn rights to exploit your Contributions; and (f) you are not entitled to any compensation or reimbursement of any kind from LinkedIn under any circumstances.

3. Your Rights

If you follow this agreement, we grant you a limited right to use LinkedIn.

You will only access and use LinkedIn in the way this agreement allows you.

On the condition that you comply with all your obligations under this Agreement, including, but not limited to, the Do’s and Don’ts listed in Section 10, we grant you a limited, revocable, nonexclusive, nonassignable, nonsublicenseable license and right to access the Services, through a generally available web browser, mobile device or LinkedIn authorized application (but not through scraping, spidering, crawling or other technology or software used to access data without the express written consent of LinkedIn or its Members), view information and use the Services that we provide on LinkedIn webpages and in accordance with this Agreement. Any other use of LinkedIn contrary to our mission and purpose (such as seeking to connect to someone you do not know or trust, or to use information gathered from LinkedIn commercially unless expressly authorized by LinkedIn) is strictly prohibited and a violation of this Agreement. We reserve all rights not expressly granted in this Agreement, including, without limitation, title, ownership, intellectual property rights, and all other rights and interest in LinkedIn and all related items, including any and all copies made of the LinkedIn website.

4. Our Rights & Obligations

We may change or discontinue Services, and in such case, we do not promise to keep showing or storing your information and materials.

A. Services Availability

For as long as LinkedIn continues to offer the Services, LinkedIn shall provide and seek to update, improve and expand the Services. As a result, we allow you to access LinkedIn as it may exist and be available on any given day and we have no other obligations, except as expressly stated in this Agreement. We may modify, replace, refuse access to, suspend or discontinue LinkedIn, partially or entirely, or change and modify prices prospectively for all or part of the Services for you or for all our Members in our sole discretion. All of these changes shall be effective upon their posting on LinkedIn or by direct communication to you unless otherwise noted. LinkedIn further reserves the right to withhold, remove or discard any content available as part of your account, with or without notice if deemed by LinkedIn to be contrary to this Agreement. For avoidance of doubt, LinkedIn has no obligation to store, maintain or provide you a copy of any content that you or other Members provide when using the Services.

Third parties may offer their own products and services through LinkedIn, and we are not responsible for these third-party activities.

B. Third Party Sites and Developers

LinkedIn may include links to third party web sites (“Third Party Sites”) on,, and elsewhere. LinkedIn also enables third party developers (“Platform Developers”) to create applications (“Platform Applications”) that provide features and functionality using data and developer tools made available by LinkedIn through its developer platform. You are responsible for evaluating whether you want to access or use a Third Party Site or Platform Application. You should review any applicable terms or privacy policy of a Third Party Site or Platform Application before using it or sharing any information with it, because you may give the third-party permission to use your information in ways we would not. LinkedIn is not responsible for and does not endorse any features, content, advertising, products or other materials on or available from Third Party Sites or Platform Applications. LinkedIn also does not screen, audit, or endorse Platform Applications. Accordingly, if you decide to use Third Party Sites or use Platform Applications, you do so at your own risk and agree that your use of any Platform Application is on an “as-is” basis without any warranty as to the Platform Developer’s actions, and that this Agreement does not apply to your use of any Third Party Site or Developer Application. Please note: If you allow an Platform Application or Third Party Site to authenticate you or connect with your LinkedIn account, that application or website can access information on LinkedIn related to you and your connections. For additional information regarding Platform Developers and Platform Applications, please refer to LinkedIn’s Privacy Policy.

You agree that we can use, store, and share information about you as permitted in our Privacy Policy.

C. Disclosure of User Information

You acknowledge, consent and agree that we may access, preserve, and disclose your registration and any other information you provide in accordance with the terms of the Privacy Policy if required to do so by law or in a good faith belief that such access preservation or disclosure is reasonably necessary in our opinion to: (1) comply with legal process, including, but not limited to, civil and criminal subpoenas, court orders or other compulsory disclosures; (2) enforce this Agreement; (3) respond to claims of a violation of the rights of third parties, whether or not the third party is a Member, individual, or government agency; (4) respond to customer service inquiries; or (5) protect the rights, property, or personal safety of LinkedIn, our Members or the public. Disclosures of Member information to third parties other than those required to provide customer support, administer this agreement, or comply with legal requirements are addressed in the Privacy Policy.

We have the right to limit the connections and interactions on the Service.

D. Connections and Interactions with other Members

You are solely responsible for your interactions with other Members. LinkedIn may limit the number of connections you may have to other Members and may, in certain circumstances, prohibit you from contacting other Users through use of the Services or otherwise limit your use of the Services. LinkedIn reserves the right, but has no obligation, to monitor disputes between you and other members and to restrict, suspend, or close your account if LinkedIn determines, in our sole discretion, that doing so is necessary to enforce this Agreement.

We are providing you notice about our intellectual property rights.

E. Intellectual Property Notices

The Service includes the copyrights and Intellectual property rights of LinkedIn and except for the limited license granted to you in Section 3, LinkedIn reserves all of its intellectual property rights in the Service. LinkedIn, the LinkedIn and “in” logos and other LinkedIn trademarks, service marks, graphics, and logos used in connection with LinkedIn are trademarks or registered trademarks of LinkedIn in the U.S. and/or other countries. Other trademarks and logos used in connection with LinkedIn may be the trademarks of their respective owners. This Agreement does not grant you any right or license with respect to any such trademarks and logos.

5. Disclaimer

We disclaim any legal liability for the quality, safety, or reliability of LinkedIn.


6. Limitation of Liability

We are trying to limit any legal liability we may have to you.

LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. SOME COUNTRIES DO NOT ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF LIABILITY IN CONTRACTS WITH CONSUMERS AND AS A RESULT THE CONTENTS OF THIS SECTION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU. Neither LinkedIn nor any of our subsidiaries, affiliated companies, suppliers, employees, shareholders, or directors (“LinkedIn Affiliates”) shall be cumulatively liable for (a) any damages in excess of five times the most recent monthly fee that you paid for a Premium Service, if any, or US 0, whichever amount is greater, or (b) any special, incidental, indirect, punitive or consequential damages or loss of use, profit, revenue or data to you or any third person arising from your use of the Service, any Platform Applications or any of the content or other materials on, accessed through or downloaded from LinkedIn. This limitation of liability is part of the basis of the bargain between the parties and without it the terms and prices charged would be different. This limitation of liability shall:

— Apply regardless of whether (1) you base your claim on contract, tort, statute or any other legal theory, (2) we knew or should have known about the possibility of such damages, or (3) the limited remedies provided in this section fail of their essential purpose; and
— Not apply to any damage that LinkedIn may cause you intentionally or knowingly in violation of this Agreement or applicable law, or as otherwise mandated by applicable law that cannot be disclaimed in this Agreement.
— Not apply if you have entered into a separate agreement to purchase Premium Services with a separate Limitation of Liability provision that supersedes this section in relation to those Premium Services.

7. Termination

We can each end this Agreement anytime we want.

A. Mutual rights of termination

You may terminate this Agreement, for any or no reason, at any time, with notice to LinkedIn pursuant to Section 9.C. This notice will be effective upon LinkedIn processing your notice. LinkedIn may terminate this Agreement and your account for any reason or no reason, at any time, with or without notice. This cancellation shall be effective immediately or as may be specified in the notice. For avoidance of doubt, only LinkedIn or the party paying for the services may terminate your access to any Premium Services. Termination of your LinkedIn account includes disabling your access to LinkedIn and may also bar you from any future use of LinkedIn.

B. Misuse of the Services

LinkedIn may restrict, suspend or terminate the account of any Member who abuses or misuses the Services. Misuse of the Services includes inviting other Members with whom you do not know to connect; abusing the LinkedIn messaging services; creating multiple or false profiles; using the Services commercially without LinkedIn’s authorization, infringing any intellectual property rights, violating any of the Do’s and Don’ts listed in Section 10, or any other behavior that LinkedIn, in its sole discretion, deems contrary to its purpose. In addition, and without limiting the foregoing, LinkedIn has adopted a policy of terminating accounts of Members who, in LinkedIn’s sole discretion, are deemed to be repeat infringers under the United States Copyright Act.

C. Effect of Termination

Upon termination of your LinkedIn account, you lose access to the Services. The terms of this Agreement shall survive any termination, except Section 3 (“Your Rights”) and Sections 4(a) (b) and (d) (“Our Rights and Obligations”).

8. Dispute Resolution

In the unlikely event we end up in a legal dispute, it will take place in California courts, applying California law.

A. Law and Forum for Legal Disputes

This Agreement or any claim, cause of action or dispute (“claim”) arising out of or related to this Agreement shall be governed by the laws of the state of California regardless of your country of origin or where you access LinkedIn, and notwithstanding of any conflicts of law principles and the United Nations Convention for the International Sale of Goods. You and LinkedIn agree that all claims arising out of or related to this Agreement must be resolved exclusively by a state or federal court located in Santa Clara County, California, except as otherwise agreed by the parties or as described in the Arbitration Option paragraph below. You and LinkedIn agree to submit to the personal jurisdiction of the courts located within Santa Clara County, California for the purpose of litigating all such claims. Notwithstanding the above, you agree that LinkedIn shall still be allowed to apply for injunctive remedies (or an equivalent type of urgent legal relief) in any jurisdiction.

Each of us will have the right to choose arbitration.

B. Arbitration Option

For any claim (excluding claims for injunctive or other equitable relief) where the total amount of the award sought is less than ,000, the party requesting relief may elect to resolve the dispute in a cost effective manner through binding non-appearance-based arbitration. In the event a party elects arbitration, they shall initiate such arbitration through an established alternative dispute resolution (“ADR”) provider mutually agreed upon by the parties. The ADR provider and the parties must comply with the following rules: (a) the arbitration shall be conducted by telephone, online and/or be solely based on written submissions, the specific manner shall be chosen by the party initiating the arbitration; (b) the arbitration shall not involve any personal appearance by the parties or witnesses unless otherwise mutually agreed by the parties; and (c) any judgment on the award rendered by the arbitrator shall be final and may be entered in any court of competent jurisdiction.

9. General Terms

Here are some important details about how to read the Agreement.

A. Severability

If any provision of this Agreement is found by a court of competent jurisdiction or arbitrator to be illegal, void, or unenforceable, the unenforceable provision will be modified so as to render it enforceable and effective to the maximum extent possible in order to effect the intention of the provision; if a court or arbitrator finds the modified provision invalid, illegal, void or unenforceable, the validity, legality and enforceability of the remaining provisions of this Agreement will not be affected in any way.

B. Language

Where LinkedIn has provided you with a translation of the English language version of this Agreement, the Privacy Policy, or any other documentation, you agree that the translation is provided for your convenience only and that the English language versions of this Agreement, the Privacy Policy, and any other documentation, including additional terms of service for Premium Services, will govern your relationship with LinkedIn.

C. Notices and Service of Process

In addition to Section 2.h. (“Notices and Service Messages”), we may notify you via postings on You may contact us here. Or via mail or courier at: LinkedIn Corporation ATTN: Legal Department 2029 Stierlin Court Mountain View, CA 94043 USA Additionally, LinkedIn accepts service of process at this address. Any notices that you provide without compliance with this section shall have no legal effect.

D. Entire Agreement

You agree that this Agreement constitutes the entire, complete and exclusive agreement between you and LinkedIn regarding the Services and supersedes all prior agreements and understandings, whether written or oral, or whether established by custom, practice, policy or precedent, with respect to the subject matter of this Agreement. You also may be subject to additional terms and conditions that may apply when you use or purchase certain other LinkedIn services, third-party content or third party software.

E. Amendments to This Agreement

We reserve the right to modify, supplement, or replace the terms of this Agreement, effective prospectively upon posting at or notifying you otherwise. For example, we may present a banner on the Services when we have amended this Agreement or the Privacy Policy so that you may access and review the changes prior to your continued use of the site. If you do not want to agree to changes to this Agreement, you can terminate this Agreement at any time per Section 7 (Termination).

F. No informal waivers, agreements or representations

Our failure to act with respect to a breach of this Agreement by you or others does not waive our right to act with respect to that breach or subsequent similar or other breaches. Except as expressly and specifically contemplated by the Agreement, no representations, statements, consents, waivers or other acts or omissions by any LinkedIn Affiliate shall be deemed legally binding on any LinkedIn Affiliate, unless documented in a physical writing hand signed by a duly appointed officer of LinkedIn.

You waive your rights to try to stop LinkedIn, but we don’t waive our rights to ask a court to stop your actions.

G. No Injunctive Relief

In no event shall you seek or be entitled to rescission, injunctive or other equitable relief, or to enjoin or restrain the operation of the Service, exploitation of any advertising or other materials issued in connection therewith, or exploitation of the Services or any content or other material used or displayed through the Services.

H. Beneficiaries

Entities other than LinkedIn Corporation and LinkedIn Ireland, Limited, that LinkedIn Corporation owns a 50% or greater interest in (“Affiliate”) are not parties, but intended third party beneficiaries of this Agreement, with a right to enforce this Agreement directly against you.

You can’t assign your rights under this Agreement, but we can.

I. Assignment and Delegation

You may not assign or delegate any rights or obligations under the Agreement. Any purported assignment and delegation shall be ineffective. We may freely assign or delegate all rights and obligations under the Agreement, fully or partially without notice to you. We may also substitute, by way of unilateral novation, effective upon notice to you, LinkedIn Corporation for any third party that assumes our rights and obligations under this Agreement.

J. Potential Other Rights and Obligations

You may have rights or obligations under local law other than those enumerated here if you are located outside the United States.

10. LinkedIn “DOs” and “DON’Ts.”

As a condition to access LinkedIn, you agree to this User Agreement and to strictly observe the following DOs and DON’Ts:

Here’s a list of some of the specific things we ask you to do and not do on LinkedIn. If you want a high-level summary of these, please check out our Professional Community Guidelines.

A. Do undertake the following:

1. Comply with all applicable laws, including, without limitation, privacy laws, intellectual property laws, export control laws, tax laws, and regulatory requirements;

2. Provide accurate information to us and update it as necessary;

3. Review and comply with our Privacy Policy;

4. Review and comply with notices sent by LinkedIn concerning the Services;

5. Use the Services in a professional manner; and

6. Use your real name on your profile.

B. Don’t undertake the following:

Act dishonestly or unprofessionally by engaging in unprofessional behavior by posting inappropriate, inaccurate, or objectionable content to LinkedIn;

Publish inaccurate information in the designated fields on the profile form (e.g., do not include a link or an email address in the name field). Please also protect sensitive personal information such as your email address, phone number, street address, or other information that is confidential in nature;

Create a Member profile for anyone other than a natural person;
Harass, abuse or harm another person, including sending unwelcomed communications to others using LinkedIn;

Invite people you do not know to join your network;

Upload a profile image that is not your likeness or a head-shot photo;
Use or attempt to use another’s account or create a false identity on LinkedIn;

Upload, post, email, InMail, transmit or otherwise make available or initiate any content that:

Falsely states, impersonates or otherwise misrepresents your identity, including but not limited to the use of a pseudonym, or misrepresenting your current or previous positions and qualifications, or misrepresents your affiliations with a person or entity, past or present;

Is unlawful, libelous, abusive, obscene, discriminatory or otherwise objectionable;

Adds to a content field content that is not intended for such field (e.g. submitting a telephone number in the “title” or any other field, or including telephone numbers, email addresses, street addresses or any personally identifiable information for which there is not a field provided by LinkedIn);

Includes information that you do not have the right to disclose or make available under any law or under contractual or fiduciary relationships (such as insider information, or proprietary and confidential information learned or disclosed as part of employment relationships or under nondisclosure agreements);

Infringes upon patents, trademarks, trade secrets, copyrights or other proprietary rights;

Includes any unsolicited or unauthorized advertising, promotional materials, “junk mail,” “spam,” “chain letters,” “pyramid schemes,” or any other form of solicitation. This prohibition includes but is not limited to (a) using LinkedIn invitations to send messages to people who don’t know you or who are unlikely to recognize you as a known contact; (b) using LinkedIn to connect to people who don’t know you and then sending unsolicited promotional messages to those direct connections without their permission; and (c) sending messages to distribution lists, newsgroup aliases, or group aliases;

Contains software viruses, worms, or any other computer code, files or programs that interrupt, destroy or limit the functionality of any computer software or hardware or telecommunications equipment of LinkedIn or any user of LinkedIn;

Forges headers or otherwise manipulate identifiers in order to disguise the origin of any communication transmitted through the Services; or

Even if it is legal where you are located, create profiles or provide content that promotes escort services or prostitution.

Participate, directly or indirectly, in the setting up or development of a network that seeks to implement practices that are similar to sales by network or the recruitment of independent home salespeople for the purposes of creating a pyramid scheme or other similar practices;

Duplicate, license, sublicense, publish, broadcast, transmit, distribute, perform, display, sell, rebrand, or otherwise transfer information found on LinkedIn (excluding content posted by you) except as permitted in this Agreement, LinkedIn’s developer terms and policies, or as expressly authorized by LinkedIn;

Reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, decipher or otherwise attempt to derive the source code for any underlying intellectual property used to provide the Services, or any part thereof;

Utilize or copy information, content or any data you view on or obtain from LinkedIn to provide any service that is competitive, in LinkedIn’s sole discretion, with LinkedIn;

Imply or state, directly or indirectly, that you are affiliated with or endorsed by LinkedIn unless you have entered into a written agreement with LinkedIn (this includes, but is not limited to, representing yourself as an accredited LinkedIn trainer if you have not been certified by LinkedIn as such);

Adapt, modify or create derivative works based on LinkedIn or technology underlying the Services, or other Members’ content, in whole or part, except as permitted under LinkedIn’s developer program;

Rent, lease, loan, trade, sell/re-sell access to LinkedIn or any information therein, or the equivalent, in whole or part;

Sell, sponsor, or otherwise monetize a LinkedIn Group or any other service or functionality of LinkedIn, without the express written permission of LinkedIn;

Deep-link to the Site for any purpose, (i.e. creating or posting a link to a LinkedIn web page other than LinkedIn’s home page) unless expressly authorized in writing by LinkedIn or for the purpose of promoting your profile or a Group on LinkedIn as set forth in the Brand Guidelines;

Remove any copyright, trademark or other proprietary rights notices contained in or on LinkedIn, including those of both LinkedIn and any of its licensors;

Remove, cover or otherwise obscure any form of advertisement included on LinkedIn;

Collect, use, copy, or transfer any information, including, but not limited to, personally identifiable information obtained from LinkedIn except as expressly permitted in this Agreement or as the owner of such information may expressly permit;

Share information of non- Members without their express consent;

Infringe or use LinkedIn’s brand, logos or trademarks, including, without limitation, using the word “LinkedIn” in any business name, email, or URL or including LinkedIn’s trademarks and logos except as provided in the Brand Guidelines or as expressly permitted by LinkedIn;

Use manual or automated software, devices, scripts robots, other means or processes to access, “scrape,” “crawl” or “spider” any web pages or other services contained in the site;

Use bots or other automated methods to access LinkedIn, add or download contacts, send or redirect messages, or perform other similar activities through LinkedIn, unless explicitly permitted by LinkedIn;

Access, via automated or manual means or processes, LinkedIn for purposes of monitoring LinkedIn’s availability, performance or functionality for any competitive purpose;

Engage in “framing,” “mirroring,” or otherwise simulating the appearance or function of LinkedIn’s website;

Attempt to or actually access LinkedIn by any means other than through the interfaces provided by LinkedIn such as its mobile application or by navigating to using a web browser. This prohibition includes accessing or attempting to access LinkedIn using any third-party service, including software-as-a-service platforms that aggregate access to multiple services, including LinkedIn;

Attempt to or actually override any security component included in or underlying LinkedIn;

Engage in any action that directly or indirectly interferes with the proper working of or places an unreasonable load on LinkedIn’s infrastructure, including, but not limited to, sending unsolicited communications to other Members or LinkedIn personnel, attempting to gain unauthorized access to LinkedIn, or transmitting or activating computer viruses through or on LinkedIn; and/or

Interfere or disrupt or game LinkedIn or the Services, including, but not limited to, any servers or networks connected to LinkedIn, or LinkedIn’s search algorithms.

11. Complaints Regarding Content Posted on the LinkedIn Website

If you think someone has stolen or misused your intellectual property on LinkedIn, please check out our Copyright Policy.

We built LinkedIn to help you be a more successful professional, and to help professionals succeed. To achieving this purpose, we encourage our Members to share truthful and accurate information. We also respect the intellectual property rights of others. Accordingly, this Agreement requires that information posted by Members be accurate and not in violation of the intellectual property rights or other rights of third parties. To promote these objectives, LinkedIn provides a process for submission of complaints concerning content posted by our Members. Our policy and procedures can be found here: LinkedIn Copyright Policy. Claims regarding Copyright Infringement. Claims regarding content (other than copyright).

How To Contact Us

If you have questions or comments about this User Agreement, please contact us online or by physical mail at:

For Members in the United States:
LinkedIn Corporation
Attn: User Agreement Issues
2029 Stierlin Court
Mountain View, CA 94043

For Members outside the United States:
LinkedIn Ireland Limited
Attn: User Agreement Issues
Gardner House, Wilton Place,
Wilton Plaza, Dublin 2

LinkedIn Corporation, Mountain View, California, USA, and LinkedIn Ireland Limited, Dublin, Ireland, May 13, 2013


[1Will man sich an der Diskussion mit den anderen Zuschauern beteiligen, ist eine Anmeldung erforderlich... über FACEBOOK (sic!)

Es gelten die Regeln des Urheberrechts all rights reserved

[2Hinter diese Link steckt ein Video, in dem behautet wird, dass diese neue "Privacy Policy" eben dieses nicht mehr sei: "a long complicated document, full of legal member jambo that can be pretty confusing and ... not always the most useful."
Um diesen Beweis anzutreten, hat man das Ganze jetzt hübsch aufgeräumt und mit einer Reihe von deep-links versehen, deren Inanspruchnahme aber unerlässlich ist, will man all diesen "member jambo" verstanden haben.
Auch wenn andere anderes behaupten: Um das alles ansehen, verstehen und für sich selbst adäquat einrichten zu wollen: Planen Sie einen guten halben Tag ein!

[3Als "Top Comments" werden zu diesem Video die folgenden beiden Aussagen ausgeworfen:
Von retarius0101:" Nice fluffy sentimental marketing, but does not explain anything"
Von DevITIS7: "Seriously one of the easiest privacy policies and user agreements I’ve ever read. Just read the gray boxes for the summary of each section. It’s VERY concise and readable. I’ve read FAR worse policies that were way more complex. This one only takes 5 mins to read."

[4Summary of Changes to LinkedIn User Agreement

We have revised our User Agreement as of May 13, 2013.

This summary is intended to facilitate your review and understanding of the changes to the User Agreement. However, please take the time to read the full document, as you will be bound by its terms when you view, access or otherwise use LinkedIn’s online services.

Some highlights of the revisions to the User Agreement follow:

In many Sections, we changed the our use of the term “Users” to “Members” so the terms are more consistent with our Privacy Policy.

Section 1.B: We changed this section to update the street address of LinkedIn’s Irish affiliate, LinkedIn Ireland Limited.

Section 2.D: We changed the heading of this Section to apply to accounts more broadly than it had before. We provided greater clarity around ownership of Member’s accounts. We also simplified the wording for this Section and updated the link to our Help Center.

Section 2.F: We changed the payment section to make the following more clear: Failure to pay will result in termination of the services, transaction fees may apply to your purchase, prices may differ, taxes will be applied based on the information you provide us and LinkedIn does not accept all payment types. Also, we now expressly state that we do not promise refunds if you are not satisfied with a service or didn’t use the paid for service.

Section 2.I: We provided additional examples of some of the applications that LinkedIn makes available.

Section 2.J: We clarified that decisions to close or transfer a LinkedIn Group or Company Page, or remove content from them because it violated this User Agreement will be made in LinkedIn’s discretion. We also removed some references to certain services that are no longer offered by LinkedIn.

Section 2.K: We clarified that use of LinkedIn’s service means that such use will be subject to the LinkedIn Privacy Policy. Further, we clarified that use of these services means that you have consented to the processing of your information in accordance with the LinkedIn Privacy Policy.

Section 2M: We changed our rights to any feedback you may choose to provide to LinkedIn. We no longer ask for an assignment, but instead obtain a non-exclusive license.

Section 3: We clarified that the Service should only be accessed through LinkedIn authorized applications.

Section 4.B: We clarified that the prior reference to “operators” was intended to refer to third parties, and that this section applied, not just to access, but also to use of such third party sites and applications as well.

Section 4.C: We added a reference to LinkedIn’s Privacy Policy to this section.

Section 4.E: We added a new section to provide notice of LinkedIn’s intellectual property rights.

Sections 5 and 6: We added clarity that the disclaimers and limitation of liability apply to our suppliers as well.

Section 10. We added clarity that you are required to use your real name on the Service and that you are not allowed to misrepresent yourself when using the LinkedIn services. We also removed a confusing reference to “Company” in section 10(b)(7). In addition, we now expressly state that you cannot use LinkedIn for escort and other adult services.

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